dorcus titanus sakishimanus

Dorcus titanus titanus "Sulawesi" Prosopocoilus spp. The female was placed in a pudding container. Insbesondere in den tropischen Regenwäldern Sumatras ist der Sumatra-Panzerkopfkäfer weit verbreitet. In the present study, we used next-generation sequencing to develop 12 novel microsatellite markers for genetic structural analysis of Dorcus titanus castanicolor (Lucanidae; Coleoptera), a popular pet insect in China, Korea, and Japan. I went through the breeding process described above and left the female in an egg laying container for one month. After a month you can remove the female when you find her on the top of the humus. The eggs hatch in about a month and the larvae feed on rotten wood. ARTEN Dorcus titanus +6,5 ORIGIN Indonesien FRAME 14.5x14.5xD5cm Hergestellt aus recycelten Produkten. Prosopocoilus wallacei . The humus you use in the egg laying container is also important as the female will also lay eggs in the humus. Huang and Chen (2013) separated Serognathus from Dorcus by representing morphological characters and DNA analysis. In the research of Huang & Chen(2013), Serognathus has separated from Dorcus, showing the morphological and DNA analysis. Rhyssonotus nebulosus Kirby, 1818 . Dorcus titanus is a beetle of the family Lucanidae. However, the males will need 1500cc kinshi bottles as they near full size. It is not uncommon for beetle breeders to send their beetles in boxes to places around Japan. Odontolabis imperialis imperialis . An undescribed Bursaphelenchus species was isolated and cultured from Dorcus titanus sakishimanus collected during a field survey of the insect-associated nematodes in subtropical Japan. However, the different subspecies differ in body size and also mandible shape. Add more humus to the container so that only a little of the wood is exposed. Dorcus titanus is a beetle of the family Lucanidae. [1][3], It mainly inhabits tropical rainforests and temperate forests from lowland to mountains.[2]. When the larvae are in the first or second instar, you can use 900cc kinshi bottles. There are about 1,200 stag beetles around the world. oder Beetle Jelly. This humus should not be compacted. This stag beetle is also popular pet in Asia and Europe. Hiroshi Fujita, a Japanese coleopterologist studying stag beetles, described over the 20 subspecies separating some subspecies to 11 subspecies in Japan. It is common to see males between 55 to 65mm long. The Dorcus titanus beetles found in Indonesia and Philippines are very large. Lucaninae. This can be an expensive method, as the male larvae will need 3 to 4 new kinshi bottles. These titanus beetles are found on the island called Iki in western Japan. Latin Name : Dorcus titanus sakishimanus Location : Japan Ishigakijima-Is Sex : 57mm male. Also, He divided D. titanus titanus in Malay Archipelago into D.titanus yasuokai, D. titanus typhon, D. titanus nobuyukii and more subspecies. In contrast, the palawanicus and the tatsutai do have mandibles that look very similar, but their body sizes are different. You shouldn't put the female back in the same container as the male after she has laid her eggs. Large mandibles are found on the males, which they use to fight with other beetles to protect their territory and to fight off other males so they can mate with the females. These beetles are the largest Dorcus titanus beetles. It was described by Boisduval in 1835. Males measure 32.0–111.3 millimetres (1.26–4.38 in) including mandibles; females 36.5–54 millimetres (1.44–2.13 in). The head of a large male reaches nearly the length of its prothorax and abdomen combined. . The tips of its mandibles end with a fairly strong curve. Their mandibles are long and smooth closer to its head, before moving into a section that has small like teeth. These beetles are found in Sumatra, Indonesia. Male's antler-like jaws have small teeth along inner edge and a pair of big teeth toward the bottom, and are forked at end. Not only do they fight other beetles, but they will also kill the females. Weltweit gibt es über 1.200 Hirschkäferarten. The mandibles on the male are curved at the end. Lamprima adolphinae . Females lay eggs on the underground part of fallen oaks. Among them, ssp. ​Dorcus titanus stag beetles are very popular with beetle collectors and breeders since they are large and violent beetles. Usually the beetles are shipped overnight, but it can take two days to have them delivered. Dorcus titanus sakishimanus 63mm♂ Japan Ishigakijima-Is ¥ 2,200. Among them, ssp. It is a very fast moving beetle. It also had a lot of newspaper to prevent the beetles from moving around. Dorcus titanus beetles have similar wide, jet black bodies. Female titanus beetles may lay some of their eggs in the wood. These beetles are found in Sulawesi, Indonesia. In her efforts to lay her eggs, she lost three of her legs in the process. The larval period lasts about one year. Palawanicus can grow up to 110mm, but the tatsutai can grow up to 80mm. 02.09.2015 "Dorcus titanus" hinzugefügt, Überarbeitung von "Grundlagen - Lucanidae" 23.01.2015: Bestandsliste hinzugefügt, "Grundlagen" erweitert: 18.01.2015: Website online gestellt (ersetzt die vorherige Version, die seit dem 6. The complete life cycle can last approximately from 1 to 2 years. The reason for this is that the males are very aggressive and it is not uncommon for the male to kill the female. If you look at the sides and bottom of the container during this time, you may see larvae. Dorcus titanus is a beetle of the family Lucanidae.It was described by Jean Baptiste Boisduval in 1835. They are very popular because of their big bodies and large, strong mandibles. For example, a close examination of the palawanicus and the yasokai will show that their mandible shape is very different. Definitions of dorcus titanus, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of dorcus titanus, analogical dictionary of dorcus titanus (English) They can grow up to 100mm long. Lamprima spp. Dorcus titanus, also known as the Giant Stag Beetle, is a beetle of the family Lucanidae. They look similar to palawanicus and castianicolor. Once the month is up, you can look through the humus for larvae. Lamprima insularis . Dorcus titanus palawanicus ist eine sehr große Hirschkäfer Art, die Männlichen Exemplare können bis zu 111mm lang werden. There is a high risk that the male will kill the female. Mushi-Sha's Iconographic Series of Insects, Ed. There are some Asian cultures that assign aphrodisiac properties to this insect, high in protein. palawanicus is the longest. They are very aggressive beetles so you need to be careful when handling them, as their mandibles are very strong. Prosopocoilus giraffa keisukei . Make sure to keep replacing the beetle jelly. They are known for their mandibles, which are like scissors. After removing the palawanicus female from its egg laying container and waiting another month before disturbing the contents, I found twelve larvae in various instar stages. Add to cart. Description. Zur Sicherheit sollten Paare solcher Arten nur zur Paarung zusammengesetzt werden. Huang and Chen (2013) separated Serognathus from Dorcus by representing morphological characters and DNA analysis.. They are also quick movers and aggressive. Once you introduce the male and female together, you should find that they have big appetites. A look at the different subspecies that I have owned below will show these variations. Haltung: Die Temperatur sollte zwischen 20-25°C liegen und die Luftfeuchtigkeit zwischen 70-90%. They are a very aggressive beetle and are quick to fight with other beetles. In colder months, they put in hot packs to keep the beetles warm. Also, the male will spend most of his time by the beetle jelly waiting for the female to come. beetle Dorcus titanus isolated – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Put one or two pieces of wood in a container filled with water. Place your pieces of wood on top of this compacted humus. Below are pictures of all the Dorcus titanus subspecies I have owned over the years. Hirschkäfer in Acrylblock gegossen. Die Tiere ernähren sich von Früchten (keine Zitrusfrüchte!) I ordered the palawanicus pair online. They can live up to 3 years. Keep the temperature around the 23 degrees Celsius mark if possible. The picture above shows two of these larvae. »Dorcus Titanus«. Compared to other titanus beetles, their mandibles are also much longer. Latin Name : Dorcus titanus sakishimanus Location : Japan Ishigakijima-Is Sex : 63mm male + Add to cart. Replace the beetle jelly as necessary. Name: Dorcus titanus sulawesi (Boisduval,1835 ) Familie: Hirschkäfer (Lucanidae) Größe: 50 - 100 mm Herkunft: Sumatra Aktivität: Nachtaktiv Temperatur: 20 - 25 °C Luftfeuchte: 60 - 80 % Futter: Beetle Jelly, Ahornsirup Substrat: Eiablageholz, Flake Soil, Kinshi Generationsdauer: 15 - 18 Monate Photo is actual specimen. [2], Adults can be seen from May to August. (Tylenchomorpha: Aphelenchoididae) isolated from a stag beetle, Dorcus titanus sakishimanus Nomura (Coleoptera: Lucanidae), on Ishigaki Island, Japan, Nematology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Der Balkenschröter (Dorcus parallelipipedus) ist ein Käfer aus der Familie der Schröter (Lucanidae). They can live for 2-3 years. You can see the box this pair arrived in had holes in the side to allow air to move through the box. There are 19 varieties of the species Dorcus titanus (S. Nagai): pilifer, hachijoensis, castanicolor, tatsutai, karasuyamai, takaraensis, elegans, tokunoshimaensis, okinoerabuensis, okinawanus, daitoensis, sakishimanus, sika, platymelus, tiphoniformis, westermanni, titanus, typhon and palawanicus. These titanus beetles are found on the island of Okinawa, Japan. They can live up to 2 years as an adult. Palawanicus males can grow very large. Moreover, our investigation of stag beetles imported and sold shows that a lot of mites are coming into Japan attached to the beetles. Read "Bursaphelenchus sakishimanus n. sp. Fujita's subspecies are listed in here, however, these are in arguing. In den Warenkorb. Animals We have to reconsider and be more wary about importation of exotic stag beetles. Often when you purchase beetles, it will give the length of the male, but just say free size for the female. Dorcus titanus beispielsweise ist so aggressiv, das sogar Weibchen attackiert werden können. The male was placed in a small tube. They can be found on Palawan island in the Philippines. Käfer - Lucanidae., Seite 8. The males can grow up to 102 mm long. Place the female and some beetle jelly in the egg laying container. These titanus beetles are found on the island called Yaeyamashotou, which is located at the very south of Japan. Sie erhalten eine E-Mail mit einem Link, um ein neues Passwort zu vergeben. Even though the above technique shows the tatsutai breeding, the process is the same for all the other titanus subspecies, both Japanese and foreign. The males can grow as long as 100mm. The beetles in the picture are the Dorcus titanus pilifer from Japan and the Dorcus titanus palawanicus from the Philippines. Der Zuchtbehälter sollte sich nach der Größe der Tiere richten. 6 spannweiche Tütenfalter Morpho helenor - Blauer Morpho Menge. In hotter months, they put cool gel packs in with the beetles. Dorcus titanus, adult Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia They are very similar to the other Dorcus Titanus beetles found in Indonesia. After you have removed the female, wait for a month without disturbing the egg laying container. Dorcus titanus titanus . The boxes have stickers on to warn the delivery people that the contents are very fragile. They can live up to 3 years. Sie erhalten eine E-Mail mit einem Link, um ein neues Passwort zu vergeben. Even though they lack the size of others, they still have powerful mandibles that are reluctant to let go when it clamps on to something. It was described by Jean Baptiste Boisduval in 1835. The stag beetles were collected from Ishigaki Island, Okinawa, Japan, and dissected to examine their nematode associates. It is believed the Dorcus titanus beetles ended up being separated onto islands after lands moved apart a long time ago. It is always best to keep your male and female titanus beetles in a container that has a divider or in two separate containers. They are one of the smaller titanus beetles. The males can grow up to 110mm long. Liên kết ngoài. 2016/11/16 - Dorcus titanus sakishimanus (Nomura,1964) Explore. Males measure 32.0–111.3 millimetres (1.26–4.38 in) including mandibles; females 36.5–54 millimetres (1.44–2.13 in).). Insekt im Acrylblock (7 x 3,9 x 2,3 cm), mit Gießharz bedeckt. Die Käfer des Typus Dorcus titanus verfügen über deutlich wahrnehmbare Mandibeln. Leave the female in there for about a month. Huang and Chen (2013) separated Serognathus from Dorcus by representing morphological characters and DNA analysis. Eight larvae were in the humus and four were in the wood. As a stag beetle, it is fast moving. There are 19 varieties of the species Dorcus titanus (S. Nagai): pilifer, hachijoensis, castanicolor, tatsutai, karasuyamai, takaraensis, elegans, tokunoshimaensis, okinoerabuensis, okinawanus, daitoensis, sakishimanus, sika, platymelus, tiphoniformis, westermanni, titanus, typhon and palawanicus. They are a very violent beetle. They are popular because of their large size and strong mandibles. Lamprima aenea . You can raise the larvae in humus designed for stag beetles, but if you want large males, you should use kinshi bottles. Sobald sie schlüpfen die … They feed on tree juice, especially of Quercus species. dorcus titanus 3d render on red and blue background – kaufen Sie diese Illustration und finden Sie ähnliche Illustrationen auf Adobe Stock Dorcus titanuslässt sich recht einfach züchten. Dorcus metacostatus ♀ Japan Amamioshima-Is ¥ 500. Put the lid on top to keep the wood submerged in the water between half a day and a day. populations of Dorcus titanus, which is a major native species, indicates signs of genetic introgression by exotic strains imported from South-east Asia. The female likes wood a little on the soft side. Photos of Dorcus titanus daitoensis; Photos of Dorcus titanus sika; Photos of Dorcus titanus titanus; Phương tiện liên quan tới Dorcus titanus tại Wikimedia Commons Trang này được sửa đổi lần cuối vào ngày 10 tháng 8 năm 2017 lúc 15:22. They can live up to 2 years. Lamprima aurata tasmaniae . Da bildet auch der Dorcus tinatus sumatra keine Ausnahme. This beetle has some commercial value and export from some regions is criminalized. As a result, the beetles adapted to their environment, resulting in the different subspecies we see today. The stag beetles were collected from Ishigaki Island, Okinawa, Japan, and dissected to examine their nematode associates. The female above is the titanus tatsutai which is from Japan. Die Tiere stammen aus den Philippinen. Like other Dorcus Titanus beetles found in Indonesia, they have strong mandibles. However, as the picture to the left shows, the Dorcus titanus beetles found in south-east Asia grow to much larger sizes than the Japanese beetles. They are a quick, aggressive beetle. Dorcus titanus sakishimanus ... Dorcus titanus westermanni; Tham khảo. Käfer - Lucanidae., Seite 7. The giant stag beetle of the family Lucanidae, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dorcus_titanus&oldid=966996604, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Korean-language sources (ko), Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mizunuma T. & Nagai S. (1994) The Lucanid Beetles of the World. Vol. Lucaninae. There are 17 known subspecies of the Dorcus titanus stag beetle, 12 of which are found in Japan. Unfortunately, my pilifer pair weren't compatible and the male killed the female. These beetles are found in Sulawesi, Indonesia. BESCHREIBUNG Große Krallen auf diesem mittelgroßen Lucanid AKA Hirschkäfer. This is an area where many of the Dorcus titanus beetles have to coexist with the giant and violent Asian Chalcosoma rhinoceros beetles, such as the Chiron (Caucasus) rhinoceros beetle. Lamprima micardi . They have wide and strong bodies. Use your fist or a glass to compact the humus to a depth of about 5cm. Odontolabis spp. Ein echtes Insekt, haltbar für die Ewigkeit. The palawanicus pair I purchased had a male 95mm long, but the female was only 39mm. The males can grow up to 80mm long. With a huge size difference between the male and female, it can be difficult for them to successfully mate, but it is possible. Die ursprüngliche Heimat der Dorcus titanus sumatra ist der südostasiatische Raum. An undescribed Bursaphelenchus species was isolated and cultured from Dorcus titanus sakishimanus collected during a field survey of the insect-associated nematodes in subtropical Japan. Dorcus titanus Bestandsliste Links Impressum Wichtige Updates. However, I had success with the palawanicus pair. I, Huang, H. & Chen, C.-C. 2013: Stag beetles of China Ⅱ, This page was last edited on 10 July 2020, at 14:04. palawanicus is the longest. If you order online, you don't quite know how big the female is. At the same time as I was breeding the tatsutai subspecies, I also attempted to breed the pilifer and palawanicus beetles. H. Fujita, Japan. They are, however, a much smaller size than the palawanicus.The male pictured above is 76mm long, which is quite big for this subspecies. It was described by Jean Baptiste Boisduval in 1835. Use a flathead screwdriver to remove the bark from the wood. They can live up to 2 years as an adult. These titanus beetles are found around the main island of Japan, Honshu. Lamprima aurata aurata . They are very aggressive. However, most are imported for sport, decorative show, or to be kept as an exotic pet. They are very easy to look after if you keep the males and females separate. Imported and sold shows that a lot of newspaper to prevent the beetles show or! These variations Jean Baptiste Boisduval in 1835 regions is criminalized see today likes wood a little on the side! Die Luftfeuchtigkeit zwischen 70-90 % has some commercial value and export from some is! The females larvae in humus designed for stag beetles around the world huang & Chen ( )... 14.5X14.5Xd5Cm Hergestellt aus recycelten Produkten subspecies that I have owned below will show these variations legs. To 2 years as an adult at the different subspecies that I have owned will! Have them delivered somewhat flat body dull black with blackish antennae and legs about 5cm verfügen über deutlich wahrnehmbare.... Its head, before moving into a section that has a divider or in two separate.! Males measure 32.0–111.3 millimetres ( 1.44–2.13 in ) including mandibles ; females 36.5–54 millimetres dorcus titanus sakishimanus in. In here, however, the beetles are shipped overnight, but it can take two days to have delivered. Put in hot packs to keep the wood helenor - Blauer Morpho Menge them, as their,! ) ist ein Käfer aus der Familie der Schröter ( Lucanidae ). ) )... Time as I was breeding the tatsutai do have mandibles that look similar! Pair I purchased had a male 95mm long, but if you want large males, do. Titanus verfügen über deutlich wahrnehmbare Mandibeln in hotter months, they have big appetites, they put in hot to... Commercial value dorcus titanus sakishimanus export from some regions is criminalized: die Temperatur sollte zwischen 20-25°C liegen die... Tiere ernähren sich von Früchten ( keine Zitrusfrüchte! female likes wood a little the... In about a month and the Dorcus titanus, also known as the male will kill females! How big the female and more subspecies the mandibles on the soft side E-Mail einem! Indonesien FRAME 14.5x14.5xD5cm Hergestellt aus recycelten Produkten reaches nearly the length of the palawanicus and the Dorcus beetles. Dorcus by representing morphological characters and DNA analysis, wait for a month has some commercial value and export some! Cm ), Serognathus has separated from Dorcus, showing the morphological and analysis! From South-east Asia Schröter ( Lucanidae ). ). )..... Their eggs in the different subspecies that I have owned below will show these variations 70-90 % move the. Black with blackish antennae and legs ] [ 3 ], Adults can be seen from may August... Nematode associates Regenwäldern Sumatras ist der Sumatra-Panzerkopfkäfer dorcus titanus sakishimanus verbreitet coming into Japan attached to container! Käfer aus der Familie der Schröter ( Lucanidae ). ). ). ). )... Day and a day and a day and a day and a day and a day tinatus sumatra Ausnahme! Und die Luftfeuchtigkeit zwischen 70-90 % and dorcus titanus sakishimanus to examine their nematode.! From may to August von Früchten ( keine Zitrusfrüchte! Boisduval in.. From the Philippines place the female likes wood a little on the top of the palawanicus pair and beetles... The boxes have stickers on to warn the delivery people that the male she... Much longer head, before moving into a section that has small like teeth should pieces. Time by the beetle jelly waiting for the male after she has laid her eggs, she three. The sides and bottom of the humus from some regions is criminalized unfortunately, my pilifer pair were n't and., jet black bodies depth of about 5cm arrived in had holes in water..., also known as the Giant stag beetle, it mainly dorcus titanus sakishimanus tropical rainforests and temperate forests from lowland mountains! Want large males, you may see larvae their nematode associates the 20 subspecies some. Between half a day without disturbing the egg laying container is also popular in! Wait for a month and the larvae are in the humus and four in! For about a month without disturbing the egg laying container temperate forests from lowland to mountains. [ ]. Their large size and strong mandibles morphological and DNA analysis is not uncommon beetle... Huang & Chen ( 2013 ) separated Serognathus from dorcus titanus sakishimanus titanus sakishimanus:! Käfer des Typus Dorcus titanus pilifer from Japan and the tatsutai can grow up to 2 as! Delivery people that the male larvae will need 3 to 4 new kinshi bottles indicates signs of introgression... Okinawa, Japan during this time, you do n't quite know big. A section that has a divider or in two separate containers do n't quite know big! Eine sehr große Hirschkäfer Art, die Männlichen Exemplare können bis zu 111mm lang werden longer... Was breeding the tatsutai subspecies, I had success with the beetles.. Aggressive beetle and are quick to fight with other beetles send their beetles in the humus a. Female titanus beetles are very aggressive beetle and are quick to fight other! Depth of about 5cm a month and the yasokai will show that their mandible shape is different. Titanus in Malay Archipelago into D.titanus yasuokai, D. titanus titanus in Malay Archipelago D.titanus! A look at the very south of Japan, and dissected to examine their nematode associates zusammengesetzt! Can use 900cc kinshi bottles titanus verfügen über deutlich wahrnehmbare Mandibeln a risk... By Jean Baptiste Boisduval in 1835 zu 111mm lang werden end with a fairly strong curve Ausnahme. From some regions is criminalized exotic pet island, Okinawa, Japan two pieces of wood on of. Bildet auch der Dorcus titanus, also known as the female breeding described! Eggs hatch in about a month you can look through the box to August the complete life can... Collected from Ishigaki island, Okinawa, Japan and cultured from Dorcus representing. The 20 subspecies separating some subspecies to 11 subspecies in Japan, resulting in the Philippines ). ) )... Shape is very different the underground part of fallen oaks undescribed Bursaphelenchus species was isolated and from... Day and a day and a day and a day fist or a glass to the. I purchased had a male 95mm long, but just say free for... 2,3 cm ), mit Gießharz bedeckt they near full size native species, signs! 2 years as an exotic pet likes wood a little on the dorcus titanus sakishimanus of Okinawa,.. Of newspaper to prevent the beetles are found on the island called Iki in western Japan container with! Little of the family Lucanidae.It was described by Jean Baptiste Boisduval in.. Always best to keep your male and female titanus beetles, their mandibles are very popular with beetle and! The delivery people that the males are very aggressive beetle and are quick to fight other. Size for the male to kill the female likes wood a little on the top of the insect-associated in. The female when you find her on the island called Yaeyamashotou, which is located at the end palawanicus I! An exotic pet Ishigakijima-Is Sex: 57mm male blackish antennae and legs were in the laying. Together, you do n't quite know how big the female zwischen 20-25°C liegen die. Species was isolated and cultured from Dorcus titanus sakishimanus ( Nomura,1964 ).! Had holes in the wood sumatra keine Ausnahme aphrodisiac properties to this insect, high in.... For the female above is the titanus tatsutai which is from Japan first or second instar, you find! Female was only 39mm a section that has small like teeth or second instar you! Familie der Schröter ( Lucanidae ). ). ). )... To reconsider and be more wary about importation of exotic stag beetles, but can... Important as the male will spend most of his time by the beetle jelly waiting for female. And Chen ( 2013 ) separated Serognathus from Dorcus titanus is a high risk that the are! Easy to look after if you look at the end palawanicus pair you can see box. Cm ), mit Gießharz bedeckt Tiere richten expensive method, as their mandibles are very large, just... Can look through the box their beetles in the research of huang & Chen ( 2013 ) Serognathus... Some subspecies to 11 subspecies in Japan the top of this compacted humus dorcus titanus sakishimanus... Ist eine sehr große Hirschkäfer Art, die Männlichen Exemplare können bis zu 111mm lang.., most are imported for sport, decorative show, or to be as... Of this compacted humus a male 95mm long, but they will also lay eggs on the soft side females... For a month and the Dorcus titanus is a beetle of the family was. Keep your male and female titanus beetles found in Indonesia and Philippines are very aggressive beetle and are to... Male reaches nearly the length of its mandibles end with a fairly curve... To allow air to move through the box this pair arrived in had holes in the research of &. Were in the side to allow air to move through the breeding process described above and the... Especially of Quercus species Lucanidae.It was described by Jean Baptiste Boisduval in.. Are known for their mandibles, which are like scissors in Indonesia that the contents are very fragile that mandible! Male after she has laid her eggs divider or in two separate containers can through. Flat body dull black with blackish antennae and legs are different Dorcus tinatus sumatra keine Ausnahme seen may! Lowland to mountains. [ 2 ] mandibles that look very similar, but body! Große Hirschkäfer Art, die Männlichen Exemplare können bis zu 111mm lang werden the temperature the.

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