Location: The Desert. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. Cape porcupines mate throughout the year, although births are most common during the rainy season, between August and March. Cape porcupines, also called South African porcupines, are common throughout central and southern Africa. Weaning does not occur till between their third and fourth month. As a result, their habit of fatally ring-barking trees has a … 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. Porcupines can also be found living in rock crevices, hollow logs and small caves. Cape porcupines are found across the whole of southern and central Africa, to southern Kenya, Uganda, and Congo at the northern edge of their range. The cape porcupine is a nocturnal animal. The Internet connection is missing right now, but you're able to browse previously opened pages offline. The quills of the cape porcupine are the longest in the world. Download Zoo Map. From the head to the base of it’s tail, a cape porcupine measures between 63 and 81cm (25 and 32in) long. The quills are modified hairs and if they fall out they will grow back. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T10748A22232321.en. Cape porcupines are omnivores. They reach their full size by the end of their first year of life. Habitat: Highly adaptable, living anywhere vegetation is available.They are more likely to be found in open spaces rather than wooded areas, and they seek out rocky crevices, abandoned burrows and caves for shelter. temperate. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p. PicFacts. Reproduction  They weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds), with exceptionally large specimens weighing up to 30 kg (66 lb); males and females are not significantly different in size.  After mating, a copulatory plug forms, which is expelled about 48 hours later. The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. Oestrus lasts for an average of nine days, during which a membrane across the vagina opens to allow insemination.  Newborn young weigh 300 to 440 grams (11 to 16 oz), and initially have soft quills. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. Their most noticeable feature is the quills and spines which extend from their back. Africa is the native home of the cape porcupine. When a Cape porcupine feels threatened, it will stomp its feet, click its teeth, growl and vibrate its quills before it pokes its predator. By Steven Lek (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons. , This article is about an African porcupine.  Both sexes scent mark their territory, although males do so more frequently, and may play a more active role in its defence. They are often considered pests by local farmers, because they can feed on crops and damage trees. COMMON NAME: Cape Porcupine SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hystrix africaeaustralis TYPE: Mammal DIET: Herbivore GROUP NAME: Prickle. The Desert is a glass-domed building designed to recreate an arid, colorful desert. For the headland in Canada, see, Mori, E.; Lovari, S. (2014). Cape Porcupine facts – The Cape porcupine is believed to grow up to about one meter long and it weighs 20 kilograms. Share . Facebook. 35.627510781751, -79.757441394032. Five Fascinating facts about Cape Porcupines. Males and females are similar in size. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 3,500 meters (11,480 feet). Characteristics: Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. Habitat The Cape Porcupine does not demand a particularly defined or specialised habitat. Some New World species are arboreal, which means that they live in the trees. Hystrix africaeaustralis (errata version published in 2017). A litter can range from 1 to 4 offspring. , They are heavily built animals, with stocky bodies, short limbs, and an inconspicuous tail.  They are weaned at around 100 days of age, and grow rapidly for the first twenty weeks, reaching the full adult size, and sexual maturity, at the end of their first year. Habitat. The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), also known as the Canadian porcupine, is a large rodent in the New World porcupine family. Part of their ability to have a wide range is a tolerance for both hot and cold. Over half of litters are single births. When threatened, the Cape porcupine erects its spines and quills to look bigger. During the day, they will either build their own den or shelter in a cave or crevice. They feed upon roots, tubers, fruit, bark and cultivated crops. However, the spines and quills can embed in an intruder’s flesh if they come into contact. Cape porcupines achieve sexual maturity at 2 years old in females and between 8 and 18 months for males. They are more likely to be found in open rather than wooded areas, though, and seek out rocky crevices and caves for shelter.  However, their debarking of trees may also play a role in the maintenance of local savannah ecosystems, helping to prevent the development of denser forested environments. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. Porcupine or Cape Porcupine [Hystrix africaeaustralis] Appearance. Cape Porcupine, Newfoundland and Labrador, "Aspects of the digestion in the Cape porcupine", "Reproduction in captive female Cape porcupines (. Porcupine courtship is elaborate and noisy. Perth Zoo Crocodile Enjoys His First Meal After Winter, Orana Wildlife Park Welcome Back Sumatran Tigers, Holly the Rescued Wombat is a Christmas Miracle. They prefer rocky hills and outcrops, as they must have shelter during the day. They inhabit a wide range of habitats, from sea level to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft), although they are only marginally present in dense forests and the driest of deserts, and are not found in swampland. , Relative to most other rodents, Cape porcupines are long-lived, surviving for ten years in the wild, or up to twenty years in captivity. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds) with very large specicimens weighing up to 30 kg (66 lb). Hystrix africaeaustralis (errata version published in 2017). Pairs will mate for life with both parents involved in the care of the offspring. Baboons do not form a major part of their diet. These are long and measure up to 30cm (11.8in) long for quills and 50cm (20in) for spines. If cornered, it turns vicious and charges to stab its attacker with its quills. Porcupine Habitat African porcupines prefer rocky outcrops and hills as their habitat, needing shelter in the day. Porcupines reside in natural shelters near roots and rocks, inside holes made by each other or holes they dig themselves. Here they are found across the south and central areas of the continent. When born, their quills are soft and sensitive bristles. ), Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. Cape porcupine considered an ecosystem engineer because of its foraging habits. To defend themselves they will freeze. Their teeth are continuously growing so they can rip through plant material. Dens in tree branches or tangles of roots, rock crevices, brush or logs are the porcupine's home. Scott (BM12), a dominant male leopard in the Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve, stalking a porcupine. Unless a previous litter is lost, females typically give birth only once each year. Here they are found across the south and central areas of the continent. New World and Old World porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats.  They are similar in appearance to, and only slightly larger than, their close relatives, the crested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white spines along the midline of the rump. Extending from the face are long whiskers. They weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds), with exceptionally large specimens weighing up to … LIFESPAN: Wild - 12 - 15 yrs; Human Care - 20 yrs SIZE: Length - 2 - 3 ft WEIGHT: 22 - 66 lbs STATUS: Stable THREATS: Lions, leopards, birds of prey, hyenas, and humans FUN FACT: The pines and quills of a porcupine are modified hairs that are soft at birth but then harden. Where They Are Found Porcupine habitats range from deserts, forests and grasslands. The porcupine grows new spines and quills to … The Cape Porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis)- or the old world porcupines are members of the “Shy Five” Appearance. (eds. Females have two pairs of teats.. They collect bones which they gnaw on. Email. The spines and quills cover the back and flanks of the animal, starting about a third of the way down the body, and continuing onto the tail. The quills have multiple bands of black and white along their length, and grow from regularly spaced grooves along the animal's body; each groove holding five to eight quills. These make them appear twice as large when raised. Cape porcupines seem to be[clarification needed] the world's fourth heaviest living rodents, after the capybara and the Eurasian and North American beavers. They often take shelter in caves or antbear ( Orycteropus afer) holes. The spines on the tail are hollow, and used to make a rattling sound to scare away predators.  There are no currently recognised subspecies. They have a long small intestine and large caecum, employing hindgut fermentation to break down the tough materials in their food. Porcupine Mountains Music Festival; from the Michigan Council for Arts and Cultural Affairs administered through the Copper Country Community Arts Council... U.P. They are highly adaptable and can survive just about anywhere that vegetation is available. Walk among free-flight birds, towering saguaros and watch the racing roadrunners. Its proportions are not as attractive as its animal itself. They often take cover in aardvark holes or caves. Contrary to popular belief, a porcupine cannot shoot its spines and quills. Cape leopards mainly target rock rabbits (dassies), klipspringers, Cape grysbok and porcupines. About This Fact Sheet Cape porcupines are found across the whole of southern and central Africa, to southern Kenya, Uganda, and Congo at the northern edge of their range. 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