(b) Failing voluntarily to issue a receipt, as provided by law, for any sum of money collected by him officially. Any person who shall enter into any contract or agreement or shall take part in any conspiracy or combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, in restraint of trade or commerce or to prevent by artificial means free competition in the market; 2. By prision mayor revised penal code book 2 reyes its maximum period and a fine not to exceed P5, pesos, if the falsified or altered document is a circulating note issued by boook banking association duly authorized by law to issue the same. AN ACT REVISING THE PENAL CODE AND OTHER PENAL LAWS. The penalty of prisiÃ³n mayor in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than 12,000 pesos but does not exceed 22,000 pesos; but if the value of the thing stolen exceeds the latter amount, the penalty shall be the maximum period of the one prescribed in this paragraph, and one year for each additional ten thousand pesos, but the total of the penalty which may be imposed shall not exceed twenty years. 3. (d) By post-dating a check, or issuing such check in payment of an obligation, the offender knowing that at the time he had no funds in the bank, or the funds deposited by him in the bank were not sufficient to cover the amount of the check, and without informing the payee of such circumstances. 4. Forcible Abduction. ARTICLE 45. 7. ReclusiÃ³n Perpetua, ReclusiÃ³n Temporal, PrisiÃ³n Mayor, PrisiÃ³n Correccional and Arresto Mayor. The same penalties shall be imposed upon any woman whose marriage shall have been annulled or dissolved, if she shall marry before her delivery or before the expiration of the period of three hundred and one days after the legal separation. â Any public officer who, before the acceptance of his resignation, shall abandon his office to the detriment of the public service shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor. The penalty of arresto mayor, if the defendant shall have been sentenced to a correctional penalty or a fine, or shall have been acquitted. ARTICLE 20. Aggravating Circumstances. ARTICLE 185. Robbery in an Uninhabited Place and by a Band. That the offender has been previously punished for an offense to which the law attaches an equal or greater penalty or for two or more crimes to which it attaches a lighter penalty. If the person solicited be the wife, daughter, sister or relative within the same degree by affinity of any person in the custody of such warden or officer, the penalties shall be prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum and medium periods and temporary special disqualification. Description Revised Penal Code by Reyes Account 22.214.171.124. â Conspiracy and proposal to commit felony are punishable only in the cases in which the law specially provides a penalty therefor. By means of any of the following false pretenses or fraudulent acts executed prior to or simultaneously with the commission of the fraud: (a) By using fictitious name, or falsely pretending to possess power, influence, qualifications, property, credit, agency, business or imaginary transactions, or by means of other similar deceits. Discover delightful children's books with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers new books every 1, 2, or 3 .... Revised Penal Code by Reyes. â The penalty of prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon the organizers or leaders of any meeting attended by armed persons for the purpose of committing any of the crimes punishable under this Code, or of any meeting in which the audience is incited to the commission of the crime of treason, rebellion or insurrection, sedition, or assault upon a person in authority or his agents. Public Officer Revealing Secrets of Private Individual. â The perpetual or temporary special disqualification for the exercise of the right of suffrage shall deprive the offender perpetually or during the term of the sentence, according to the nature of said penalty, of the right to vote in any popular election for any public office or to be elected to such office. When Light Felonies are Punishable. 4. In case of temporary disqualification, such disqualification as is comprised in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this article shall last during the term of the sentence. YOU ARE READING. For good conduct allowances which the culprit may earn while he is serving his sentence. Obligation to Make Restoration, Reparation for Damages, or Indemnification for Consequential Damages and Action to Demand the Same â Upon Whom it Devolves. Serious Illegal Detention. â For the purpose of applying the provisions of this and the preceding titles of this book, any person who, by direct provision of the law, popular election or appointment by competent authority, shall take part in the performance of public functions in the Government of the Philippine Islands, or shall perform in said Government or in any of its branches public duties as an employee, agent or subordinate official, of any rank or class, shall be deemed to be a public officer. Any person who shall knowingly remove any personal property mortgaged under the Chattel Mortgage Law to any province or city other than the one in which it was located at the time of the execution of the mortgage, without the written consent of the mortgagee, or his executors, administrators or assigns. Alarms and Scandals. “Opium” embraces every kind, class, and character of opium, whether crude or prepared; the ashes or refuse of the same; narcotic preparations thereof or therefrom; morphine or alkaloid of opium; preparation in which opium, morphine or alkaloid of opium, enter as an ingredient, and also opium leaves or wrappings of opium leaves, whether prepared or not, for their use. Unlawful Arrest. â Those accessories falling within the terms of paragraph 3 of article 19 of this Code who should act with abuse of their public functions, shall suffer the additional penalty or absolute perpetual disqualification if the principal offender shall be guilty of a grave felony, and that of absolute temporary disqualification if he shall be guilty of a less grave felony. Any idle or dissolute person who lodges in houses of ill-fame; ruffians or pimps and those who habitually associate with prostitutes; 4. Reyes RPC Book 1. â The penalties provided for in article 124 shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who delays for the period of time specified therein the performance of any judicial or executive order for the release of a prisoner or detention prisoner, or unduly delays the service of the notice of such order to said prisoner or the proceedings upon any petition for the liberation of such person. Any private individual who shall commit any of the falsifications enumerated in the next preceding article in any public or official document or letter of exchange or any other kind of commercial document; and. If the offense be committed by means of violence or intimidation, the penalty shall be prisiÃ³n correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding 1,000 pesos. 2. ARTICLE 102. ARTICLE 212. A felony is consummated when all the elements necessary for its execution and accomplishment are present; and it is frustrated when the offender performs all the acts of execution which would produce the felony as a consequence but which, nevertheless, do not produce it by reason of causes independent of the will of the perpetrator. â Unless the act be one of those coming under the provisions of any of the preceding articles, any person who shall knowingly use or have in his possession, with intent to use any of the false or falsified instruments referred to in this section, shall suffer the penalty next lower in degree than that prescribed in said articles. By arresto menor or fine of not less than the value of the damage caused and not more than three times such value, if the amount involved exceeds 200 pesos or cannot be estimated. â Every defamatory imputation is presumed to be malicious, even if it be true, if no good intention and justifiable motive for making it is shown, except in the following cases: 1. ARTICLE 126. the concubine must live in the conjugal dwelling even for brief periods of time, and not where she occasionally comes for a tryst or to spend the night therein (c) By taking undue advantage of the signature of the offended party in blank, and by writing any document above such signature in blank, to the prejudice of the offended party or any third person. ARTICLE 110. ARTICLE 111. Those punishable by a correctional penalty shall prescribe in ten years; with the exception of those punishable by arresto mayor, which shall prescribe in five years. Extinction of Criminal Liability; 5. 5. Light Threats. Effects of the Attendance of Mitigating or Aggravating Circumstances and of Habitual Delinquency. ARTICLE 30. Any person who, without being included in the provisions of the next preceding article, shall threaten another with a weapon, or draw such weapon in a quarrel, unless it be in lawful self-defense. Retroactive Effect of Penal Laws. By prisiÃ³n mayor, if such correspondence be carried on in ciphers or conventional signs; and. Frauds and Illegal Exactions and Transactions. The penalty of prisiÃ³n mayor, if the defendant shall have been sentenced to reclusiÃ³n temporal or perpetua; 3. â Whenever the courts shall impose a penalty which, by provision of law, carries with it other penalties, according to the provisions of articles 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, and 45 of this Code, it must be understood that the accessory penalties are also imposed upon the convict. Crimes Involving Destruction. ARTICLE 156. Whenever the penalty prescribed does not have one of the forms specially provided for in this book, the periods shall be distributed, applying by analogy the prescribed rules. Any person who, to the prejudice of another, shall execute any fictitious contract. Through any of the following fraudulent means: (a) By inducing another, by means of deceit, to sign any document. ARTICLE 115. 6. Whatever may be the number and nature of the aggravating circumstances, the courts shall not impose a greater penalty than that prescribed by law, in its maximum period. The rule established by the next preceding paragraph shall not be applicable if the acts committed by the guilty person shall also constitute an attempt or frustration of another crime, if the law prescribes a higher penalty for either of the latter offenses, in which case the penalty provided for the attempt or the frustrated crime shall be imposed in its maximum period. Penalties in Which Other Accessory Penalties are Inherent. Convicts who, under the circumstances mentioned in the preceding paragraph, shall give themselves up to the authorities within the above mentioned period of 48 hours, shall be entitled to the deduction provided in article 98. When, by imprudence or negligence and with violation of the Automobile Law, the death of a person shall be caused, in which case the defendant shall be punished by prisiÃ³n correccional in its medium and maximum periods. Obligation to Make Restitution in Certain Cases. â Indemnification for consequential damages shall include not only those caused the injured party, but also those suffered by his family or by a third person by reason of the crime. â Every person criminally liable for a felony is also civilly liable. â Any person who shall deliberately cause to the property of another any damage not falling within the terms of the next preceding chapter shall be guilty of malicious mischief. Treason is a war crime, it is punished, by the state as a measure of self-defense, âLevies warâ â actual assembling of men for, design by force. ARTICLE 353. Aiding or abetting of piracy 1. knowingly aids or protects pirates 2. acquires or receives property taken by such pirates, or in any manner derives benefit therefrom. ARTICLE 305. The courts, considering the facts of the case, may likewise reduce by one degree the penalty which under article 51 should be imposed for an attempt to commit any of such crimes. Any person who shall cause any boy or girl under sixteen years of age to perform any dangerous feat of balancing, physical strength or contortion. Rules for the Application of Penalties to the Persons Criminally Liable and for the Graduation of the Same. For the purpose of this article, any race held on the same day and at the same place shall be held punishable as a separate offense, and if the same be committed by any partnership, corporation or association, the president and the directors or managers thereof shall be deemed to be principals in the offense if they have consented to or knowingly tolerated its commission. ARTICLE 136. ARTICLE 310. The disqualification for the offices or public employments and for the exercise of any of the rights mentioned. ARTICLE 193. preliminary article - this law shall be known as "the revised penal code." ARTICLE 18. It shall be presumed that the person performing any of the acts provided in this article has performed them knowingly, unless the contrary is proven. Orders or Requests by Executive Officers to Any Judicial Authority. 5. (b) By resorting to some fraudulent practice to insure success in a gambling game. Arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, if the theft is committed under the circumstances enumerated in paragraph 3 of the next preceding article and the value of the thing stolen does not exceed 5 pesos. When the physical injuries inflicted are of a less serious nature and the person responsible therefor cannot be identified, all those who appear to have used any violence upon the person of the offended party shall be punished by arresto from five to fifteen days. Second. In addition to the provisions of the law, the special regulations prescribed for the government of the institutions in which the penalties are to be suffered shall be observed with regard to the character of the work to be performed, the time of its performance, and other incidents connected therewith, the relations of the convicts among themselves and other persons, the relief which they may receive, and their diet. â The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, in any case other than those authorized by law, or without reasonable ground therefor, shall arrest or detain another for the purpose of delivering him to the proper authorities. . 3. 4. Should commit any of the crimes against national security and the law of nations, defined in Title One of Book Two of this Code. 2. Philippine Revised Penal Code Book 2 - Midterm Reviewer - Free download as Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. PrisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine of not to exceed 2,000 pesos, if the counterfeited coin be any of the minor coinage of the United States or of the Philippine Islands. Falsification of Legislative Documents. During the first two years of his imprisonment, he shall be allowed a deduction of five days for each month of good behavior; 2. Anyone who shall fail to help or render assistance to another whom he has accidentally wounded or injured. If either of the contracting parties shall obtain the consent of the other by means of violence, intimidation or fraud, he shall be punished by the maximum period of the penalty provided in the next preceding paragraph. Arresto menor in its minimum period or a fine not exceeding 50 pesos, when the value of the thing stolen is not over 5 pesos, and the offender shall have acted under the impulse of hunger, poverty, or the difficulty of earning a livelihood for the support of himself or his family. â Besides the provisions of rule 5 of article 62, any person who shall commit a felony after having been convicted by final judgment, before beginning to serve such sentence, or while serving the same, shall be punished by the maximum period of the penalty prescribed by law for the new felony. Using False Certificates. â Any person who shall kill his father, mother, or child, whether legitimate or illegitimate, or any of his ascendants, or descendants, or his spouse, shall be guilty of parricide and shall be punished by the penalty of reclusiÃ³n perpetua to death. ARTICLE 169. â Any person who, taking advantage of the inexperience or emotions or feelings of a minor, to his detriment, shall induce him to assume any obligation or to give any release or execute a transfer of any property right in consideration of some loan of money, credit or other personal property, whether the loan clearly appears in the document or is shown in any other form, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor and a fine of a sum ranging from 10 to 50 per cent of the value of the obligation contracted by the minor. â The seduction of a woman who is single or a widow of good reputation, over twelve but under eighteen years of age, committed by means of deceit, shall be punished by arresto mayor. The duration of the other penalties shall be computed only from the day on which the defendant commences to serve his sentence. Prescription of Crimes. â A pardon by the offended party does not extinguish criminal action except as provided in article 344 of this Code; but civil liability with regard to the interest of the injured party is extinguished by his express waiver. Forfeiture or confiscation of instruments and proceeds of the offense. 8. 11. Any person who shall knowingly and with intent to use them, have in his possession lottery tickets or advertisements, or shall sell or distribute the same without connivance with the importer of the same, shall be punished by arresto menor, or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, or both, in the discretion of the court. In either case, the offender shall also suffer the penalty of temporary special disqualification. 285the revised penal code book 2. ARTICLE 37. The same rule shall be applied when the offenders are armed, but the value of the property taken does not exceed 250 pesos. 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